Part I
Constitutional Foundations

4. European Law: Nature – Supremacy/Preemption  

Further Reading


K. Alter, Establishing the Supremacy of European Law: The Making of an International Rule of Law in Europe (Oxford University Press, 2001)

B. Davies, Resisting the European Court of Justice: West Germany’s Confrontation with European Law 1949–1979 (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

A. Oppenheimer, The Relationship between European Community Law and National Law (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

N. Walker (ed.), Sovereignty in Transition (Hart, 2003)


Articles (and Chapters)

P. Craig, ‘Britain in the European Union’ in J. Jowell and D. Oliver (eds.), The Changing Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2011), 102

M. Dougan, ‘When Worlds Collide! Competing Visions of the Relationship between Direct Effect and Supremacy’ (2007) 44 CML Rev 931

U. Everling, ‘The Maastricht Judgment of the German Federal Constitutional Court and its Significance for the Development of  the  European  Union’ (1994) 14 YEL  1

J. Komárek, ‘Czech Constitutional Court Playing with Matches: The Czech Constitutional Court Declares a Judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU Ultra Vires’  (2012) 8 European Constitutional Law Review 323

R. Kovar, ‘The Relationship between Community Law and National Law’ in EC Commission (ed.), Thirty Years of Community Law (EC Commission, 1981), 109–49

M. Kumm, ‘Who Is the Final Arbiter of Constitutionality in Europe’ (1999) 36 CML Rev 351

K. Lenaerts and T. Corthaut, ‘Of Birds and Hedges: The Role of Primacy in Invoking Norms of EU Law’ (2006) 31 EL Rev 287

M. Paydandeh, ‘Constitutional Review of EU Law after Honeywell: Contextualising the Relationship between the German Constitutional Court and the EU Court of Justice’ (2011) 48 CML Rev 9

W. Sadurski, ‘“Solange, Chapter 3”: Constitutional Courts in Central Europe –Democracy – European Union’ (2008) 14 ELJ 1

R. Schütze, ‘Supremacy without Pre-emption? The Very Slowly Emergent Doctrine of Community Pre-emption’ (2006) 43 CML Rev 1023

M. Waelbroeck, ‘The Emergent Doctrine of Community Preemption: Consent and Redelegation’ in T. Sandalow and E. Stein (eds.), Courts and Free Markets: Perspectives from the United States and Europe, 2 vols. (Oxford University Press, 1982), II, 548